Nepal is traditionally a tourist country. Nepal possesses a depository of places of widely historic intrest. It is an ancient country with a rich cultural heritage. An indenpendent sovereign state, united by King Prithivi Narayan Shah, the great. Nepal lies in the lap of mighty Himalayas. She is rich in varied landscapes, lakes, waterfalls, green valleys and terraces. The entire northern border is lined with silvery peaks of the Himalayas the most fascination of which is Sagaramatha or Mount Everest – the highest peak in the world. Nepal covers an area of 147,181 Sq. kms. and has a population of nearly 20 million. The culture of Nepal is made up of the blending of the two great Hindu and Buddhist religions. Traditional folk songs and colourful festivals and well preserved all over the country. Keeping in view the immense tourist potentialities and trends of International tourism Nepal established the Tourist Development Board in 1957 which was linked up with the Ministry of Industry. The Board, late in 1958 was transferred to the care of the Ministry of Transport & Communications. The new Directorate, with a Director and a separate staff, was constituted in 1959 and it began to function as the nucleus of an organisation vehemently working for the promotion of tourism in the country. Later in under the Ministry of Public works Transport and Communications. It was in 1967 that Department was transferred to a wing of the Ministry of Commerce and industry.
History of Tourism in Nepal
The Authentic recoards of the ancient history of Nepal are not readily available. Most of it is shrouded in mystery with only the legends giving some flickering light. One such legend tells the rockhill at Chovar by stroke of his scimitar and drained the lake water to the Kathmandu fit for human habitation. The Nepalese genealogy lays down that the first ruling dynasty in Nepal was the Gopas. King Dharmakar was the first king in the dynasty. After the decline of Gopal Dynasty, the Kirata dynasty. Gautam Buddha is said to have visited Nepal during the reign of Sthunko the seventh Kirata King. Gautama stayed near west of Swayambhu. Ashoka, the great emperor of ancient India is also said to have entered into matrimonial alliance with Nepal by Marrying his daughter to a Nepalese prince. During his visit to Nepal, he made several stupas in the valley and it is popularly believed that the four stupas in the four cardinal directions of Patan were elected by Ashoka. Read More…
Mountaineering in Nepal
The Nepalese Himalayas, since time immemorial have captured the dreams, the desire and the aspiration of men. Even the early Aryans found the Himalayas the birthpalce and homes of their gods. So the Himalayas appeared so awesome so majectic and so mysterious. That is why a lot of legends and myths are woven out of man’s fears, hopes and illusions which could do justice to this towering range of mountains the adventure seekers from all parts of the globe. To the Mountain climbers, the spell and challenges offered by majestic peaks are known by the record that a large number of climbers are making assaults on various peaks every season. In a booklet entitled some provisions Related to Mountain tourism in Nepal Published by HMG, Ministry of Tourism has defined :”Mountaineering Expedition” means an act of expedition on any peak of the mountain range of Nepal by any team with the intension of reaching to the summit.” The history of mountaineering in Nepal began in 1995. This view is very nicely expressed by Dr. Harka Gurung in his introduction to the souvenir, a publication published by the HMG, Ministry of Tourism on the occasion of Nepal Mountaineering (Sagarmatha) Read More…
Trekking in Nepal
Trekking by Himalayan standards is not a wildness back- packing experience, but a means of transportation to get from one mountain village to another through a terrain where Vehicles can’t go. In a wide term “trekking means a journey to be undertaken on foot for sightseeing in areas where normally modern transport system is not available. “Nepal is the touristic area. It has 8 of the top 10 highest Mountain in the world. It is also well known in the world in natural beauty and in its culture. Nepal is a very lucky in case of natural beauty. There are many world heritage site in Nepal. Nepal is lucky enough due to availability of adventure opportunity such as Trekking, Hiking Peak Climbing, Jungle safari, River rafting, Bungy and sweing, diversity of sight – seeing in rich cultural heritage sites and many more. Our Special trekking – tour package is for persons of all ages who are physically fit and enjoy walking porters carry all your gear except what you need to the day’s walk. You could spend a year planning an expedition to wild and lofty places that few would dare attempt; however, on the other, you could land in Kathmandu with no plans and be on the trail to the Everest Base Camp in a matter of days. Read More…
Hotel Industry in Nepal
The Accomodation is one of the essential requisite of tourism. Accommodation establishments are fundamentally tourist enterprises. Their activity is concerned primarily with travel and provides one of the three fundamental structures of tourism, namely travel, stay and amusement at the chosen place. Tourist accommodation is temporary. The hotels also accept permanent guest due to the housing crisis. There is also Secondary Residence which is used for holidays and week ends. In considering tourism industry is not only from the economic view point, but also from the view point of its cultural and social importance, it is one of the essential to review accommodation extablishment of all categories whether they are accommodation establishment of all categories whether they are commercially operated or by Non-Profit making social establishments. Read More…
Facilities for tourist in Nepal
Trekking, rafting, mountaineering are most attractive point for tourist. Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Mustang & Manaslu are trekking region of Nepal. The highest peak of the World that is Mount Everest is situated in Nepal. There are twelve mountain having a height above 8000m. Manaslu , Everest , Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, Lotse, etc name of mountain which are situated 8000m above from the sea level. So many tourist climb mount Everest to see the world through the highest part of the world. Rafting, bungy jumping , paragliding, cannoying etc are popular among the Tourist. There is also facility of homestay for the tourist. Tourist are taken as goddess in villages. There are so many resorts, lodges, hotels for the service of tourist.
Your small daypack may include camera, water bottle, and warm jacket or rain wear. Treks are planned for gradual acclimatization in higher altitudes day begins with hot tea, warm washing water and a light breakfast. You may walk 8-10 mails over rough and sometimes steep trails for 6-8 hours. Walking at your own pace, a friendly guide will be nearby. A delicious hot lunch will be ready for you at a scenic spot after the morning hike tea, time at the end of the day is for relaxation and sharing. Sherpas helper will set up two-person tents, a toilet tent and dining tent complete with portable table and stools for your comfort.
Sightseeing in The Kathmandu, Nepal
The Kathmandu Valley is the capital and largest Municipality of Nepal. Kathmandu is the core of Nepal’s largest agglomeratin located in the Kathmandu valley consisting of Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kritipur, Madhyapur thimi and a number of smaller communities. It is basically a cultural city. The cultural heritage of the Kathmandu valley is illustrated by seven groups of monuments and building which display the full range of historic and artistic achievement. Out of ten UNESCO world heritage sites seven are located in the Kathmandu valley. The seven include the Darbar squares of Hanuman dhoka, Patan darbar square, Bhaktapur darbar square, the Buddhist stupas of swayambhu and Boudhanath, the Hindu temples Pasupatinath and The Changu Narayan. There are different mythology found about the formation of the Kathmandu valley. According to the swayambhu puran, the Kathmandu valley was once a lake and Manjushree cut a gorge at a place called chovar and drain out all the water for human settlement. Since then it was believed that human settlement started in the valley and after that many dynasties ruled over Kathmandu valley. Newar are the indigenous inhabitant and creators of the human civilization of the Kathmandu valley. They have contributed for the fabulous cities and artistic temples.
Kathmandu (Ktm) Darbar square
The Kathmandu (ktm) darbar square is also known as a royal place of the former Kathmandu kingdom and one of the three Durbar squares in the Kathmandu valley in whole Nepal, all of which are UNESCO World heritage sites. It is surrounded with spectacular architecture and The vividly showcase the skills of the newar artists and craftsmen over several centuries. This was built during the malla and shah dynasty. The main attraction of the Kathmandu durbar squares are Hanuman dhoka palace, kumara ghar( Adode of th living goddess), Taleju temple, Nautalle Durbar( nine stored palace). The durbar square is a social, religious and urban city.
Patan (Ptn) Darbar Square
It is the place listed in the world heritage site with enchanting mélange of palace building, artistic courtyards and graceful pagoda temples. The formal royal palace is the center of patan’ religious and social life and houses a muesuem containing an array of bronze statues and religious objects. There are three main country yards or chowks so named mulchowk, sundarichowk, and keshav Narayan in the square. The sundarichowk holds its center a master piece of stone architecture, the royal bath called Tushanihity.
Krishna mandir the Nepal finest piece of stone architecture. Siddhi narshing, a passionate devotee of krisnna, dreamed that radha and Krishna united here in this place. Thismagnificent temple delicates the creation of heavy material that consists scene of scene of Hindu holy book.
Bhaktapur (Bkt) Durbar Square
It is also one of the place that you can overcome with the feeling of inner harmony. The art and architecture is the main attraction of this square with the special layout like: 55 window, king bhupatindra, national art gallery, the golden gate and many others amongst the three durbar Bhaktapur is said and preserved to be the best one. It is a conglomeration of pagoda and shikhar style temple grounded temple of brick and wood. This square is the charming architecture showpiece of the valley as it highlight the ancient arts of Nepal.
The golden gate is most excotic and richly molded specimen of its kind in the entire world. The door is surmounted by a figure of the Goddess kali & the garuda (the mythical man bird) and attended two heavenly nymphs. Thegate was erected by king Ranjit Malla & is the entrance of the courtyard of the palace of fifty five window palace.
The next attraction of Bhaktapur is Dattattraya temple consecrated by KingYakshyaMalla. According to the belief it was built out of single wood trunk and just beside the temple is a monastery with exquisite carvings.
The five storyed temple mainly known as the Nyatapola temple is a pagoda style built by Bhupatindra Malla that stands on five terraces on which squat a pair of figure who famous wrestlers, two elephants, two lions, two griffins and bhaghini and singhini- the tiger and the lion goddesses. This is the one of the tallest pagoda temple in the Kathmandu valley and is famous for its massive structure and subtle workmanship.
Swayambhunath temple located in the top of the hillock on western side of the Kathmandu valley. The stupas is the holiest Buddhist site and listed in the world heritage. It is one of the oldest and glorious Buddhist shrine.
It is the largest stupa in the valley. It is most fascinating specimen of stupa design with 108 small images of Buddha all around and has watchful eye around its four side like in swayambhunath.
It is the one of the finest example of the pagoda architecture. It is said to be the oldest pagoda temple in Nepal and carved with the finest exquisite wood and stone carving. It is also listed in world heritage.
Pasupatinath is one of the scared hindu religious temple in the world. This is the temple of lord shiva and holiest temple of all the shiva shrines. Many pilgrims and shadus visit this temple from other countries too on the occasion of ‘Mahashivaratri’.
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