Category Archives: Nepal

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Landscapes on tourism in Nepal

Nepal offers some of the most attractive landscapes in the world. The touristic value of these landscapes is conditioned by the fact that the country offers many new and different aspects due to its record shattering quanties in the tropical Terai plains and world’s mightiest mountain, the Himalayas

Wildlife on Tourism

Owing to the geographic situation and historic conditions, wildlife is still at tis best Nepal. Difference of altitude and of climate offfer the most favourable condition for furna and flora to live and develop.

The big game of the Terai and of the Himalayas as well as other species of animals, wourld offord the best possibilityes for Safari organisations. This fauna is completed by a magnificent and colourful life; fish masheer, birds Danphe Pheasant, peacocks, butterflies tropical and altitude varieties the complete survey of which largey remins to be done.

Types of Tourism

The variety of touristic motivations corresponds to the diversity of the types of tourism which, at present, can be enjoyed in the world. Since there are a great variety of attractions in different regions, it is interesting to study the types of tourism prevailing.

The Hotel Industry

The hotel like any other business is an enterprise for the production of goods and of services, intended to be sold for a profit to remunerate the administration and the capital involved. The production of goods consists primaliry in the Transformation of foodstuff, into dishes and meals served to clients. The hotel is also a unit of wholesale trade when it sells alcohol drinks, cigarettes, postcards, etc. But its prime role consists is producing services, like the rental of rooms including a whole series of accessory services like hall, lounges, swimming pool, garden, sporting installations, banquet and conference halls etc. In economic terms, the hotel is complex productive unit exercising serveral functions of reception.

The characteristic trait of an hotel is as follows:

1. A hotel is a fixed immobile installation. It has a building.

2. It islodging open to the public, and

3. It is an enterprise which sells goods and services requiring payment of the price necessary to reimburse general costs and realise an adequate profit.

Financial autonomy is a characteristic trait of an hotel enterprise. In other to help an assist hotels, may countries grant state loans and subsidies or concessions are grnted to encourage the hotel industry. So the hotle should be able to provide individual services for a person as well as for a family or a group. A hotel should provide uniform overall services, of average or superior quality, rooms with or without bath, meals at various prices, dry cleaning, laundry, sale of postcards and souvenier, tobacco and drinks etc.

The Hotel Industry

The Hotel Industry

Hotel classification method is used to rate hotels according to their degree of comfort, duration of operation, purpose and size. However, the official system of classification differ from one country to another.

Hotels in Nepal

Hotel Industry in Nepal

The history of accommodation establishments is very old. It is one of the oldest professions in the world. A accommodation establishment have been known to all parts  of the world since ancient times. Many references were made in the religious books of all the people of the world to accommodation establishments. Hinduepics mention accommodation Establishments in many places of India and Nepal for the shelter of tourists and pilgris. Many such reference are also given in the Bible. The growth of all the new types of tourist dwelling such as camps, youth hotels, holidays castles and inns has appered in the 20th Century. The evolution of motels was manifest after and Second World War.

Lodging used by the traveller may be divided in various ways into several categories. But economically speaking the accommodation, establishments ( youth hotels, refugees, holiday camps etcs.) They can also be divided by the type of users viz., 1. commercial establishments: hotels open to all categories of tourist, 2. Establishments of special nature which are accessible any on certain conditions, to a limited clientale such as Trade Union holiday homes, camping sites for clubs etc. The private lodging is also limited to special clientale such as secondary residence, weekend bunglows, tents, caravans, yachts etc. The use of accommodation establishments depends upon the wishes of the traveller and their stay also depends upon their free will.

Hotel Industry in Nepal

Hotel Industry in Nepal

Hotels in Nepal

The term hotel signifies a house for the accommodation of strangers. It is a commerical establishment, designed to supply travellers with lodging, food and related services. In general term “hotel” is not at all definite; it is related more or less with establishments offering a certain degree of comfort. Read More…

Trekking Tourism in Nepal

Trekking Tourism is getting more and more popular in Nepal Visitors to Nepal, really miss the exotic charms of Nepal, if they do not have the chance to trek in the mountains of Nepal Mountain Nepal is not accssible by road. There are only hill traks and terrains. Trekking on foot for several days is the only way to enjoy remote villages and unspoiled valleyes and to have close up views of majestic Himalayan peaks. Trekking is not so strenuous as mountaineering, expeditions. Trekking can be done by any lover of nature who likes to relax in the unsophisticated mountain valleys. Nepal is the only place in the earth which provides all sports of trekking possibilities from difficult treks to shorter treks. Trekking tourism is one of the major assets of Nepal annd this is amply proved by the growing number of visitors who are going to the mountains every year. His Majesty’s Government has declared open 18 peaks for Trekking parties. The highest peak having upto 21.34 ft. (6630m.) with previous permission from Nepal Mountaineering Association. There are two associations registered according to law and recognised by His Majesty’s Government for the purpose of trekking and mountaineering expedition.

There are Nepal Mountaineering Association and Trekking Agents Association of Nepal. The most popular trekking rutes now are Kathmandu Namche Bazar, Kathmandu- Helambu, Kathmandu-Pokhar, Pokhara-Annapurna, Pokhara-Manang. Besides these, many other places of interest like Jiri, Langtang Valley, Gosainkunda, Jumla, Palpa, Dolpa, Ghandrung, Gorapani, Laker-Rara etc.

Trekking is also regarded the only possible way to explore the Nepal’s National Parks and wildlife reserves. Nepal’s sole opportunity to build up and independent market. The long stay required for a normal trek makes a visit to India or other main attractions in the south of Asia quite subsidiary, so that in any case direct booking with Nepalese tour operators could be made. This fulfils a pre-condition for acquiring foreign currency income besides assisting development by directing the tourist to less developed region.”

It is Sure that Trekking tourism is Nepal’s sole resource, to build up and independent market. The duty of the licensed trekking agencies is to find out potential markets and sell their Productly directly to the desirous clients. With this end in view, His Majesty’s Government of Nepl has already started a number of activites. Every effort is now underway to provide better trekking services, good facilities and better security arrangements enroute.

The tourist influx into the Khumbu region is leading to more deforestation, shortage of food and population of the region. in view of these developments the khumbu region his prompted conduct a feasibility study of a develoent project of infrastructures as well as accommodation for trekking and mountaineering. Special emphasis has been given in the study by the Industrial Services Centre of Nepal, On behalf of the HMG, Department of Tourism with the financial assistance of IDA Washington is now complete.

After the Khumbu region study, His Majesty’ Government of Nepal has opened up Manang-another trekking area just to avoid congestion in Khumbu region. Now many trekkers are visiting Manang and thus there is no more concentration of trekkers only in Khumbu region.

Tourism in Nepal

Evolution of Tourism in Nepal

The Lichhavis age Neal

After the fall of Kirata Dynasty, several dynasties are belived to have followed one another for some centuries. Recoarded history begins with the Lichhavis. When they came to power in 400 A.D., a golden age in the history of Nepal was started. The Lichhavis had the genius for the recontrruction of the whole of the country. With them, the nation entered a new phase of prosperity in art and culture. Painting, architecture and scuptures flourished brightly ad reached a new height of development.

Kailas Kuta Bhawan and Managriha, both palaces, were the creation of those days, exciting the spostaneous admiration of the contemporary Chinese visitor like Huen-Tsang in 637 A.D. Many Chinese Imperial Envoys from China like LiY-Piao’ and the ambassador Wang-Huiuentse visited Nepal and wrote many historical accounts about it. The famous kings of this period were Manadeva, Amsuverma and Narendra Dev. There is a definite piece of information in Chiinese History of the T’ang Dynasty (chapter 221) giving detail of Nepali History covering 643-651 A. D. Lichhavi Kings Exteded the lap of the Himalayas. The Malla kings who succeeded the Lichhavis around 750 to 1480 A.D., gave a new turn to the country. The Malla kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon, were transformed into what might he called open-air museus of art and architecture. Almost all fine examples of art and architectures, the graceful pagodas in the shape of temple, places and ordinary houses, the prevailing customs of the various castes and the many festivals cycing around the year-are the products fo the Lichhavis and Malla periods. They are still a living phenomenon and influence the life of the people with the same inspiration as used to more than four hundred years ago.

prithvi-narayan-shahThe Shah Dynasty ruled over Gorkha in West Nepal, while the Mallas were having their heyday in Kathmandu Valley. King Prithvi Narayan Shah of this dynasty was the first king to conceive the dream of integrating the whole of Nepal under one Crown. To this end, he invaded Kathmandu Valley and owned complete victory after 25 years in 1767 King Prithvi Narayan Shah was a great Warrior, administrator, ruler and diplomat. He united all the petty states lying in the different parts of Nepal. His single-handed unification of Nepal is th greatest achievement in the history of Nepal.

Nepal After Unification to 1950

king Prithivi Narayan Shah introduced many reforms in army organisation, foreign affairs, cultureal activities, social system, economic conditions, religion and in trade. After the death of King Prithivi Narayan Shah, Nepal was ruled by his son King Pratap Singh Shah and then by King Rana Bahadur Shah and then King, Girbanyuddha Shah. The process of territorial expansion towards the south initated under King Pratap Shah, King Rana Bahadur Shah and King Girban Bikram Shah put Nepal on a collision course with the British East India CCompany, which was extending its hold over India. The war that took place in 1814 was concluded in 1816 under the treatyof Sugauli. It reduced the territorial extent of Nepal to almost what is now. After the treaty of Sugauli, a British Resident was apponted in Kathmandu. Dr Wallish visited Nepal in 1817 and carried on his botanical researches for a year. Even the British resident and his officials were not allowed to visit more than the narrow limits assigned to them.
During the reign of King Rejendra Bir Bikaram Shah, Jung Bahadur Rana rose to power and laid the foundation of an autocratic regime which lasted for 104 years. Jung Bahadur Rana visited England in 1850 with a larger retinue on the 15th of January. The door to Nepal was not opened to all foreigners except some British personalities who had to ask for permission from the vovernment before their arrival. Mr Schlagintweit was Permitted to visit the country in 1856 and carried out some of scientific expeditions in Nepal. A clear picture of the movement of foreigers in the country is observed by the editor Daiel wright, M. A., M.D. late Surgeon major in H. M.’s India Medical Service, ad Residency Surgeon at Kathmandu. In his book ‘History of Nepal’ published in 1877, he writes:
The name Nepal, however, is restricted by the natives of; the country to the valley surrounding the capital, and it is of this portion of the country alone that the following history and the present sketch treat. This is the only part of the kingdom which is open to investigation of Europeans; and it would be a hopeless task to attempt the description of places which cannot be visited or the collection of accurate information regarding a country where every inquiry made by European is viewed with the most jealous suspicion, where the collection of statistics is looked on as more folly and where, above all,Baron Munchausen himself would have been considered a marvel of accuracy and truthfulness.”

Tourism before unification of Nepal

Since ancient times Nepal was known as the abode of Gods. Many chinese as well as Indian people come to Nepal to make long pilgrimage to places of venerated worship. The chinese, followers of Buddha, did not hesitate to go as far as Lumbini, travelling millions of miles across vast countries. So the religious sentiment persuaded people of China and India to make a journey,strifing many dangers and hardships.
The people of India used to make journey to pay homepages to Lord Pashupati nath, Muktinath,, Barahachetra etc. making efforts which sometimes exceeded the limit of human endurance. On the commercial level, the lure of Nepal wool, so famous at that time impelled the merchants from India and China to make distant journeys to seek rare and sought after products. The travels of merchants who always journeyed with their merchandise, constitue an important part in the movement of persons.
On the political level, the necessity of amity or relations among different states or tribes, and the exchange of envoys between geighbouring countries, were greatly appreciated in the world of that time.

Trekking and Mountaineering

Mountaineerings have been coming to Nepal as early as 1950s to plant their country’s flag on one of other or these peaks. Although mountaineering in Nepal is comparatively a recent phenomenon, it has played a significant fore in the national economy of the country. The growth of mountaineering in Nepal can be traced back to the beginning of the 1050s when the country was opened to foreign visitors.

Mountaineerings have been coming to Nepal as early as 1950s to plant their country’s flag on one of other or these peaks. Although mountaineering in Nepal is comparatively a recent phenomenon, it has played a significant fore in the national economy of the country. The growth of mountaineering in Nepal can be traced back to the beginning of the 1050s when the country was opened to foreign visitors.

trekking and mountain in Nepal

trekking and mountain in Nepal

The following are some of the highest Peaks of the Himalayas in Nepal

Sagarmatha (Mount Everest)     8848m

Kanchenjunga I                             8586m

Lhotse                                            8516m

Mount Makalu I                           8463m

Cho-Oyu                                       8201m

Dhaulagiri                                     8167m

Manaslu                                        8163m

Annapurna                                   8091m

Makalu I                                       8463m

Lhotse Shar                                  8400m

Yalungkand                                  8505m

Langtang Lirung                          7234m

Gaurishanker                               7134m

Tilicho                                            7134m

Trekking and Mountaineering are both popular and mountainous countries now are offering a wide variety of facilities for the tourist. Summer mountain resorts are among the oldest resorts in Europe. In the 18 century the discovery of the mountains was one of the first incentives to tourism. What travellers were interested in at that time was striking natural Phenomena gorges, charms, torrents, caves, strange rocks and they did not venture far into the mountains themselves. Their interes was also in keeping with a scientific trend in the ideas of the day. Later with the developement of roads and railways, travellers began to penetrate more deeply into the mountains, and tourist resorts became more widely dispersed. One might say that tourist locations were single-purpose at the outset serving a single site, like the Mer Declace near Chamonix in French Savoy, or the grindelwald glaciers in the Bernese overland of Swizerland, which attracted the first English tourist in the 18th century and became multi-purpose in the 19th century. This development is illustrated by the climatic resort Sanatoria which sprang up over whole areas where the climate was benefical to health the Grisons in the Switzerland. An interest in mountaineering, however, always leads to the creation of single purpose locations, and this is still the case in mountain ranges outside Europe the Himalays and the Andes. Zermatt at the feet of the Matterhorn is an excellent early example of the type of resort.
Trekking is a sport which is defined as following mule traks or footpaths on foot. Trekking is done at the point beyond which the traveller can go no further by collective means of transport the traveller can go no further by collective means of transport into the heart of the mountains.