Evolution of Tourism in Nepal

The Lichhavis age Neal

After the fall of Kirata Dynasty, several dynasties are belived to have followed one another for some centuries. Recoarded history begins with the Lichhavis. When they came to power in 400 A.D., a golden age in the history of Nepal was started. The Lichhavis had the genius for the recontrruction of the whole of the country. With them, the nation entered a new phase of prosperity in art and culture. Painting, architecture and scuptures flourished brightly ad reached a new height of development.

Kailas Kuta Bhawan and Managriha, both palaces, were the creation of those days, exciting the spostaneous admiration of the contemporary Chinese visitor like Huen-Tsang in 637 A.D. Many Chinese Imperial Envoys from China like LiY-Piao’ and the ambassador Wang-Huiuentse visited Nepal and wrote many historical accounts about it. The famous kings of this period were Manadeva, Amsuverma and Narendra Dev. There is a definite piece of information in Chiinese History of the T’ang Dynasty (chapter 221) giving detail of Nepali History covering 643-651 A. D. Lichhavi Kings Exteded the lap of the Himalayas. The Malla kings who succeeded the Lichhavis around 750 to 1480 A.D., gave a new turn to the country. The Malla kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon, were transformed into what might he called open-air museus of art and architecture. Almost all fine examples of art and architectures, the graceful pagodas in the shape of temple, places and ordinary houses, the prevailing customs of the various castes and the many festivals cycing around the year-are the products fo the Lichhavis and Malla periods. They are still a living phenomenon and influence the life of the people with the same inspiration as used to more than four hundred years ago.

prithvi-narayan-shahThe Shah Dynasty ruled over Gorkha in West Nepal, while the Mallas were having their heyday in Kathmandu Valley. King Prithvi Narayan Shah of this dynasty was the first king to conceive the dream of integrating the whole of Nepal under one Crown. To this end, he invaded Kathmandu Valley and owned complete victory after 25 years in 1767 King Prithvi Narayan Shah was a great Warrior, administrator, ruler and diplomat. He united all the petty states lying in the different parts of Nepal. His single-handed unification of Nepal is th greatest achievement in the history of Nepal.