History of International Tourism Organization

The ever-expanding market for international travel, and the rapid development of world tourism with all its benefits as well as costs, has necessitated the creation of International Tourism Organisation invetitable. Problems created by the development of transport and communications and the movement of tourists, both national and international, give rise to a need to create new organisations, the fundamental aim of which is to ensure international co-operation in the tourism field in general or in certain activities which are directly conneted with or related to tourism.

The increase in the number of tourists and the economic importance of tourism has contributed the infinitely inter-woven series of relationships between the activity of existing organisations and the creation of new international Organisations. Origin and Evolution of International Tourism Organisations:
Attempts at establishing international Tourism Organisation were made towards the middle of the 19th Century for the first time. whilst relations between states were limited to well-defined field and problems were decided throught diplomatic channels. The need to provide institutional establishments for collabortion between states did not exist.

When new developments changed the situation, governments inevitably considered the creation tof organisations to
accommodate themselves to the new situation. The development of industry and transport and this was followed by a great expansion in commercial exchanges increased exchange of correspondence.

The first organisations of peranet nature founded in 1831 was the COMMISSION FOR NAVIGATION ON THE PHINE and it was composed of representatives from the states bordering on the river. INTERNATIONAL POSTAL COMMISSION was established in 1863 by the National Post Offices of some European States. It was transformed into the GENERAL POSTAL UNION in 1874, ad in 1878 into the presentUNIVERSAL POSTAL UNION. Likewise, the invention of the telegraph with its power to distribute messages across national boundaries made necessary the need to create the INTERNATIONAL TELEGRAPH UNION. This was transformed into the present INTERNATIONAL TELE-COMUNICATIONS UNION in 1934, to cope with new developments emerging out of radio communications. The rapid advancement of aviation after World War II necessiated the creation of an International Civil Aviation Organisation in 1947.
The speedier international air travel caused a new problem in the sphere of public health when it became a reality to
transmit contagious disease from one part of the world to another in a short span of time. Hence, the World Health
Organisation  was created in 1948

Article by : Yajana Raj Satyal