Introduction of Air Service in Nepal

Nepal was completely closed to the ourside would unitl 1951 and the development of surface communication took place only during the last two decades. Today progress has been made in surface transport and almost every corner of the country can be racehed by Royal Nepal Airlines and its scheduled services. The first air services in Nepal was set in motion by a precursor of Indain Airlines in 1951, when Indian National Airways (INA) started services between Kathmandu and Patna. Another IAC Lineage, Himalayan Aviation, operated domestic services to connect Kathmandu with Pokhara, Bhairahawa, Simra and Biratnagar. The Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation was established on July 1st. 1958. It was formed with mixed government and privat capital. It firstly operated domestic routes from Kathmandu to Biratnagar, Simra, Pokhara ad Bhairahawa with a DC-3s fleet. His Majesty’ Government of Nepal took over full ownership of Royal Nepal Airlines Corporation on 12th. October, 1959. RNAC started its international services with routes to Patna and Delhi and Calcutta on 16th January, 1960. With the progressive development ad growth of RNAC’s fleet strength, RNAC introduced air link to Dacca in 1963 with 5 DC-3. By the end of 1965, the additional 2 DC-3 aircraft joined the RNAC fleet and internal services were extended to more than a dozen stations. RNAC introduced Fokker F27 service in April, 1966. RNAC began its tourist oriented mountain flights to view the majestic panorama of the Himalayas of Estern Nepal, including Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) in October 1968. This is one of the scheduled air service exclusively for tourists for viewing the magnificent mountain panorama at its best. RNAC enlarged its fleet with Hawker Siddeley 44 leats service to Pokhara and Simra. It entered service to Rumjatar by Pilatus porter 7 seats, in November 1971. RNAC started Boeing 727-100 service to Kathmandu-Delhi and then to Calcutta and Bangkok on 15th September, 1972. RNAC started its Helicopter service on 31st January, 1977, It also began the Kathmandu-Colombo service on 16th March, 1977. Its second 727 joined the fleet in May, 1973 in such a way, RNAC has given services on a satisfactory way within a short span of time. So it is not out of places here to quote from the Market Research Report No. C1-804-4634 January, 1978 by the Market Research Department of Douglas in the following Ways: –

Indian National Airways RNAC Nepal

” Air Travel, Through the agency of RNAC, has therefore opened up new horizons for the traveller. As has been observed above, mainkind of obsessed with the curiosity to see new places, espedially the more unusual and the lure of the world’s highest mountains, nce beyond all practicable access, is now accentuated by the knowledge that, in Nepal tourism has acquired a new dimension.”