World heritage sites in Nepal

World Heritage Sites

The small area of Nepal holds a considerably high number of places recognized by UNESCO as “World Heritage Sites”. Nepal is blessed with many World Heritage Sites, there are seven World Heritage sites in Nepal. Himalayan Rock offers a SPECIAL World Heritage tour in Kathmandu. The cultural heritage of the Kathmandu Valley is illustrated by seven groups of monuments and buildings which display the full range of historic and artistic achievements for which the Kathmandu Valley is world famous.

The list includes both natural as well as cultural sites. There are all together ten World Heritage Sites in Nepal, out of eight cultural heritage sites, seven of them which glorify the Kathmandu Valley. Nepal is one of the few countries in the world where seven World Heritage Sites are situated within a 20 km. radius. Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Swayambhunath Stupa, Pashupatinath Temple, Bouddhanath Stupa, Changu Narayan Temple are within the valley whereas the birth place of Lord Buddha, Lumbini is the only cultural Heritage site outside the valley. Everest (Sagarmatha) . National Park and Chitwan National Park are the two natural heritage sites.
The entire tour is inspired culturally so that a tourist coming from other parts of the world could enjoy it. This type of tour is designed especially for those people who would prefer a relaxed tour with full of ethnic excursions.

World Heritage sites of Nepal

World Heritage sites of Nepal

Major World Heritage Sites of Nepal

Nepal is a beautiful country with so many natural and cultural heritages. The term ‘heritage’ refers to the elements and charactestics that have been passed from previous generation to present and next generations. Nepal have many historical and cultural heritage sites likewise temples, pati, pauwas, monasteries, arts, etc and himalayan mountains, mines, rivers, lakes, national parks, wildlife reserves, forests, etc as natural heritage sites.

There are altogether 10 numbers of natural and cultural sites enlisted in world heritage sites as reported by UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific Cultural Organization). They are:

  1. Lumbini
  2. Pashupati Area
  3. Sagarmatha National Park
  4. Chitwan National Park
  5. Kathmandu Durbar Square
  6. Patan Durbar Square
  7. Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  8. Changunarayan Temple
  9. Bauddhanath Stupa
  10. Swayambhunath Stupa
Lumbini

Lumbini

Lumbini: Lumbini is located in the south-central Terai of Nepal and is the fourth largest tourist destination of Nepal. Lumbini is the birth place of Gautam Buddha. So, it is recognized as the pilgrimage of all the people of the world who follow the Buddhism. The Ashoka Pillar, made by Ashoka, Puskrani Pond and Maya Devi temple are located in the area. China, Myanmar, Thailand, France, Germany etc are some of the countries those help in construction of many monasteries and stupas in the area. Other important attractions here are libraries, museums and research centers from where you can know more about Lumbini area.

Pashupatinath Temple

Pashupatinath

Pashupati Area: Pashupatinath is another important cultural heritage site of Nepal. The area includes so many cultural beauty as well as natural sites too. The temple of Pashupatinath, Deupatan, Jaya Bagishwori temple, Gaurighat, Kutumbahal, Gaushala, etc are some attractions of the area. Moreover, there are about 492 temples, Chaityas, Satals and about 1000 Shivalingas. The area is the holy place for hindus.

Sagarmatha National Park: Sagarmatha National Park is located in Solukhumbu district of Sagarmatha zone, Nepal. The park covers 114 sq km. The most popular attraction of the park is ‘Sagarmatha’, the highest peak of the world, also known as ‘Mount Everest’. Besides, Lhotse, Choyu, Nuptse, Pumori, Amadablam, etc are other important peaks lies in Sagarmatha district. Rododendron, Dhupi, Bhojpatra etc are the major greenery found in the park. And, the animals like Wild Yak, Musk Deer, Red Panda, Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear, and Polar Cheetah etc are found here. The area is also the home for at least 118 species of bird, including Danphe (Lophophorus). It is also the first national park of Nepal that was inscribed as natural world heritage. The tourism began in the centre from early 1960s. The visitor centre of the park is at the top of the hill in Namche Bazar. At present, the numerous number of tourist visit in the area.

Chitwan National Park: Chitwan National Park is situated in south central Nepal in the subtropical lowlands of the inner Terai in Chitwan district. It has an area of 932 sq km. The area consist the Tikauli forest, having diversity of ecosystems. Some more attractions of this area are the Churea hills, Ox-bow lakes and flood plains of Rapti Reu and Narayani rivers. The park shares its western boundary with the ‘Parsa Wildlife Reserve”. The 70% of the park is enclosed with Sal forest. Grassland covers 20% of the park area. There are more than 50 mammal species, over 525 birds and 55 amphibians and reptiles. The park is especially famous for One- horned Rhino, Royal Bengal Tiger. So, Chitwan National Park is one of the most important tourist destinations of Nepal. You can experience the varieties of wildlife, birds and vegetations in the park.

Kathmandu Durbar Square: Kathmandu Durbar Square is located in the heart of the Kathmandu city. It is one of the three royal palaces in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal. In ancient time, the Malla kings ruled over Kathmandu and after the conquest of Kathmandu valley by King Prithvi Narayan Shah, it became the capital of unified Nepal. The major attraction of the square are Taleju Temple, Mahendreshvara Temple, Jagannath Temple, Dequtale Temple, Hanuman Dhoka, Nasal Chowk, Mul Chowk, Bhandarkal, Vilar Temple, Trailokya Mohan Narayan Temple, Shiva Temple, Shiv Parvati Temple, Manju Deval, Kumari Bahal, Kasthamandapa, Ashok Binayak Shrine, Simha Sattal and so many other arts and crafts of Newar people. You can get more information from the palace museum too.

Patan Durbar Square: Patan Durbar Square is also one of the historical monuments of Kathmandu valley. It is located in Lalitpur district of Nepal. Krishna temple is the top most attraction of this palace, which have 21 golden pinnacles (gajur). Beside these, Bhimsen temple, Jagat Narayan temple, Mahabauddha, Kumbheswor Mahadev, Rato Machhindranath temple are major attraction of the area which reflects the outstanding skills of ancient newar people. In ancient time, Patan Durbar Square was the place of Malla kings.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square: Bhaktapur is an ancient city of Malla kingdom. It is also known as city of Divotees. You can find 55-Windows Palace in the area. Just outside the palace, at the entrance to the Taleju Temple, is the Golden Gate, built in 1756, a splendid example of metalwork. Big Bell is another attraction of the area. Square lies the Yaksheswor Mahadev Temple, built by Yaksha Malla in the 15th century. Other sites in and around the square include the octagonal Chyasin Mandap, Siddhi Laxmi Temple, Shiva Temple (Fasi-dega), and so on. The area includes the Char Dham symbolizing the four greatest Hindu pilgrimage sites.

Changu Narayan Temple: Changu Narayan is located in Bhaktapur district, Nepal. It is situated on the top hill known as Changu or Dolagiri. This temple is the oldest temple of Kathmandu valley. The temple is surrounding by the forest of Champak tree. It is said that the temple is constructed with an absolutely beautifully preserved Red Champa tree wood. This holy place is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. So, it is also a religious place for hindus. Around the temple, there are so many arts and sculptures related to Lord Vishnu. Some major attraction of the area are Historical pillar erected by Mandeva in 464 AD, GarudaStatue of Bhupalendra Malla, Chanda Narayan (Garuda Narayan), Sridhar Vishnu, Vaikuntha Vishnu, Chhinnamasta, Vishworup, Vishnu Vikrant Narasimha, Kileshwor.

Bauddhanath Stupa: Bauddhanath Stupa is the biggest stupa in Nepal, lies about 7 kms east of Kathmandu. Bauddhanath Stupa is one of the oldest stupas in the country. It is believed that this stupa was constructed in around 5th century. There are other 45 Buddhist monasteries in this area. This area is the holy place for Buddhists as well as Hindus. It is enlisted in World Heritage Site in 1979 AD.

Swoyambhunath Stupa: The Buddhist temple of Swayambhunath is situated on the top of a hill in Kathmandu. It is one of the most popular holy places of Nepal. The temple is also known as “monkey temple” because of so many monkeys found there. It is believed that this temple was constructed before the 5th century. . There are other stupas and idols surround the stupa. Also, the Saraswoti temple is situated beside. Recently, the biggest statue of Buddha has been constructed near Swayambhunath stupa.

Beside these heritages enlisted in World Heritage Site, there are many other natural and cultural heritages in Nepal such as Bardiya National Park, Shivapuri National Park, Halesi of Khotang, Swargadwari of Pyuthan, Gosaikunda of Rasuwa, Kalika temple of Baglung, Chhintan Devi of Dhankuta, Pathibhara of Taplejung, Muktinath of Mustang, Ram Janaki temple of Janakpur, Jaya Bageshori of Nepalgunj, Chandanath of Jumla, etc.

World Heritage site tour in Nepal – Outline Itinerary

Day 01: Arrival at Kathmandu Airport and transfer to Hotel.
Day 02: After breakfast, guided city tour to the world heritage sites of the capital(Shyambhunath, Boudhanath and Pashupatinath) the sacred places of Kathmandu.
Day 03: After breakfast, guided tour to the world heritage sites of Patan and Bhaktapur and drive to Nagarkot for Sun set, Sun rise and stunning Mountain View. Overnight at Nagarkot.
Day 04: After breakfast, Drive by private vehicle ( Car or van, ) to the chitwan national park and transfer to Resort. After lunch Elephant safari.
Day 05: Full day activities (elephant safari and jungle walk with local guide, canoeing. In the evening Tharu cultural dance.
Day 06: Early morning go to Bird watching program and after breakfast drive to Lumbini, Lord Buddha’s birthplace (623 BC), listed as world heritage site by UNESCO. Overnight at hotel.
Day 07: Sigtseeing in Lumbini the Sacred Garden where Buddha was born and the monasteries.
Day 08: Drive to pokhara via Palpa. Overnight at hotel
Day 09: Sightseeing in pokhara, boating in fewa lake and hike to Peace pogauda buddhist monastry.
Day 10: Drive back to Kathmandu. Over night at hotel.
Day 11: Mountain flight in the morning over the Himalaya. (It is optional) In the evening
Day 12: Transfer to the airport for your departure

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